A history of the french and indian war in the american colonies

Cooper refers to the dangerous "savages" and shows their willingness to kill. French forces in the Ohio valley also continued to intrigue with Indians throughout the area, encouraging them to raid frontier settlements.

The first real conflict began when the French moved into the Ohio country and built Fort Duquesne on the Ohio River where the city of Pittsburgh is today.

He traveled to Fort Le Boeuf and threatened the French with military action, which Marin contemptuously dismissed.

Seventeen of the captives were killed along the way to Canada, as they were injured and could not keep up, and starvation took additional lives. The French population numbered about 75, and was heavily concentrated along the St.

The cost of the war and of controlling the newly acquired territories was high. Shortly after that, a second British force also met with defeat.

Great Britain spent a great deal of money fighting the war and colonists fully participated in this war. The terms of the agreement stated that Spain would declare war on Great Britain if the war did not end before May 1, Lawrence River to British incursions, and Amherst devised a three-pronged attack against French Canada: Some of those scalped had smallpox, and the scalps were brought to numerous Indian villages as trophies, where they caused an epidemic that killed thousands of Indians.

Unlike the three previous conflicts, this war began in America. ByFrench and Spanish diplomats began to seek peace. Georgia beat back a Spanish invasion of Georgia inand some sporadic border fighting continued. For about 60 years, the conflict over which country had the stronger claim to the lands in the great Mississippi basin was to remain in abeyance.

Along with identifying first-class military officers such as Jeffrey AmherstJames Wolfeand John Forbes, Pitt recruited new regiments of regulars to replace or to reinforce the old shattered units.

French and Indian War

With the fall of Louisbourg, the New England and British forces engaged in the second phase of the Expulsion of the Acadians from the region. In a second British action, Admiral Edward Boscawen fired on the French ship Alcide on June 8,capturing her and two troop ships.

The Indians that had been threatening the American colonists were defeated.

Colonial American military history

The Indian coalition forced the British to rescind the offending policies and renew giving gifts. France reciprocated three weeks later. The British Government sent General Edward Braddock to the colonies as commander in chief of British North American forces, but he alienated potential Indian allies and colonial leaders failed to cooperate with him.

The expedition was a disaster. Innaval and ground forces from Massachusetts captured the strategic French base on Cape Breton Island in the Siege of Louisbourg.

As a result, almost every important Virginia family—including members of the Washington, Lee, and Randolph families—was vitally interested in the fate of the Ohio area.

The British had 44 cannons, the heaviest weighing more than 5, pounds. Lawrence to attack Quebecanother northward invasion from Albany by way of lakes George and Champlain, and pressure against the French in the west at Fort Niagara.

The conflict also involved a number of American Indian tribes and Spain, which was allied with France.

8b. The French and Indian War

In early August, Montcalm and 7, troops besieged the fort, which capitulated with an agreement to withdraw under parole. Pennsylvania[ edit ] The war began in as Virginia militia led by Colonel George Washington advanced into French-held territory near modern-day Pittsburgh. Over dinner, Washington presented Saint-Pierre with the letter from Dinwiddie demanding an immediate French withdrawal from the Ohio Country.

The new British command was not in place until July. He stated in his report, "The French had swept south", [35] detailing the steps which they had taken to fortify the area, and their intention to fortify the confluence of the Allegheny and Monongahela rivers.

The wars were long and bloody, causing immense suffering for everyone involved. Most of the other northern tribes sided with the French, their primary trading partner and supplier of arms.

This war had become a world war.The French and Indian War was the North American conflict in a larger imperial war between Great Britain and France known as the Seven Years’ War.

The French and Indian War began in and ended with the Treaty of Paris in The French and Indian War General Johnson Saving a Wounded French Officer from the Tomahawk of a North American Indian Benjamin West, ca Round four of the global struggle between England and France began in The French and Indian War was a major war fought in the American Colonies between and The British gained significant territory in North America.

The French and Indian War was a seven-year war between England and the American colonies, against the French and some of the Indians in North America.

When the war ended, France was no longer in control of Canada. The French and Indian War At the start of the war, the French North American colonies had a population of roughly 60, settlers, compared with 2 million in the British North American colonies.

10 Things You May Not Know About the French and Indian War

West, Doug () French and Indian War – A Short History 30 Minute Book Series. French and Indian War, American phase of a worldwide nine years’ war (–63) fought between France and Great Britain. (The more-complex European phase was the Seven Years’ War [–63].) It determined control of the vast colonial territory of North America.

A history of the french and indian war in the american colonies
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