You show your understanding by analysing and then synthesising the information to: Write the review Start by writing your thesis statement. Incorporate the literature review into your research paper draft. In some cases, prior research is simply described and summarized; in other cases, the writer compares, contrasts, and may even critique prior research for example, discusses their strengths and weaknesses.
The advantage of using Excel is that it enables you to sort your findings according to a variety of factors e. This can then be exported into a Microsoft Word document. You can record the topics in the same box as before User 1 or use User 2 box for the topic s under which you have chosen to place this article.
Identify and define the topic that you will be reviewing. Degree Research Paper requirement. Plan to describe relevant theories. At this stage, you are close to writing the review itself.
When writing, keep in mind that literature reviews are generally characterized by a summary style in which prior research is described sufficiently to explain critical findings but does not include a high level of detail if readers want to learn about all the specific details of a study, then they can look up the references that you cite and read the original articles themselves.
However, it is also where you get to learn about the topic in great detail.
Are you going to use a chronological or other type of organizational structure? As you read a range of articles on your topic, you should make note of trends and patterns over time as reported in the literature. Consider using a table, matrix or concept map to identify how the different sources relate to each other.
Point out overall trends in what has been published about the topic; or conflicts in theory, methodology, evidence, and conclusions; or gaps in research and scholarship; or a single problem or new perspective of immediate interest.
Select appropriate source material: Conduct a literature search. It may be helpful to have another person read through your draft s and provide feedback. In the case of a literature review, you are really creating a new forest, which you will build by using the trees you found in the literature you read.
Are there any gaps in the literature that require further study? It is an assessment of the literature and provides a summary, classification, comparison and evaluation.
It is a good idea, as part of your literature search, to look for existing literature reviews that have already been written on this topic. How has the author structured the arguments?
This is an important introductory sentence that will tell your reader what the topic is and the overall perspective or argument you will be presenting.
Write the literature review itself and edit and revise as needed. Depending on the stage at which your paper is at, this may involve merging your literature review into a partially complete Introduction section, writing the rest of the paper around the literature review, or other processes.
You will need to experiment with different searches, such as limiting your search to descriptors that appear only in the document titles, or in both the document title and in the abstract. Your analysis can make generalizations across a majority of studies, but should also note inconsistencies across studies and over time.
Writing the introduction In the introduction, you should: On the other hand, a review in a thesis, dissertation, or journal article presenting original research usually leads to the research questions that will be addressed.
Please note that a full-length literature review article may be suitable for fulfilling the requirements for the Psychology B. These gaps will be important for you to address as you plan and write your review.
You should look over your notes it may also be helpful to reorganize themand as you do, to think about how you will present this research in your literature review.
If you are using an electronic form of note taking, you might note these descriptors in a separate field e.
Synthesize the literature prior to writing your review Using the notes that you have taken and summary tables, develop an outline of your final review.
They can be part of a research paper, for example as part of the Introduction section. The format of a review of literature may vary from discipline to discipline and from assignment to assignment.
Writing a Literature Review Writing a Literature Review When writing a research paper on a specific topic, you will often need to include an overview of any prior research that has been conducted on that topic.Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern.
Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically (see below for more information on each). A literature review surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings and other resources which are relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory and provides context for a dissertation by identifying past research.
This guide is designed to help students writing a literature review for a Master's level project or paper. It can also be adapted to use with a. Literature Reviews Amber Huett, David MacMillan, Katie Crum, and Dr.
R. T. Koch July UNA Center for Writing Excellence 2 Conclusion Depending on the purpose(s) of your literature review, your conclusion may include the following. Learn how to write a review of literature.
What is a review of literature? Writing the introduction; Writing the body; Conclude by providing some insight into the relationship between the central topic of the literature review and a larger area of study such as a discipline, a scientific endeavor, or a profession.
A literature review is a written work that. Compiles significant research published on a topic by accredited scholars and researchers; Surveys scholarly articles, books, dissertations, conference proceedings, and other sources.Download